Australia signed the Paris Agreement on climate change in 2016, committing to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 26% below 2005 levels by 2030. The Paris Agreement is a global effort to combat climate change by keeping global temperatures from rising more than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
Despite signing the agreement, Australia has been criticised for not doing enough to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions. In fact, the country’s emissions have been steadily increasing over the past few years. In 2019, for example, emissions rose by 0.6%, driven by higher levels of liquefied natural gas exports and an increase in coal-fired electricity generation.
Australia has been relying heavily on the export of fossil fuels, including coal and liquefied natural gas, which has been a major contributor to its greenhouse gas emissions. The government has also been accused of not doing enough to support renewable energy, which could help to reduce emissions.
In response to growing pressure to take action on climate change, some Australian states and territories have taken matters into their own hands. For example, in 2019, the state of Victoria passed legislation committing to net zero emissions by 2050. The city of Sydney has also set a target of net zero emissions by 2050.
The Australian government has acknowledged the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, but has been criticised for not having a clear plan to achieve its targets. In 2017, the government released its Climate Solutions Package, which included a range of measures to reduce emissions, including support for renewable energy, energy efficiency measures, and funding for climate research.
Despite these efforts, many experts believe that Australia needs to do more to reduce its emissions if it is to meet its Paris Agreement commitments. The government will need to work closely with industry, the scientific community, and the public to develop effective strategies to reduce emissions and combat climate change.
In conclusion, while Australia has signed the Paris Agreement and committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions, the country still has a long way to go to meet its targets. The government, along with industry and the public, will need to work together to develop effective strategies to reduce emissions and combat climate change.